• GMFCS(總體運動功能分類系統)

  • 治療階段

  • 自然發展史


    Given that the GMFCS is a grading system and not an outcome measure, it is the major prognostic information that must be considered in all children with CP.

  • 治療階段


  • 何時需要治療?



    Spastic classification

    Spastic classification

    Spastic classification

    Gait correction surgery is an option for many children with CP at GMFCS levels I to III but with different clinical goals at each level. SEMLS will be discussed primarily in the GMFCS level II section. Preventive hip surgery will be discussed in the GMFCS level III section, reconstructive hip surgery in the GMFCS level IV section, and salvage surgery in the GMFCS level V section.



    Between 6th and 12th birthdays: Children walk in most settings and climb stairs holding onto a railing. They may experience difficulty walking long distances and balancing on uneven terrain.

    Children have only minimal ability to perform gross motor skills such as running and jumping .

    Between 12th and 18th birthdays: Youth walk in most settings, but environmental factors and personal choice influence mobility choices. At school or work, they may require a handheld mobility device for safety and climb stairs holding onto a railing. Outdoors and in the community, youth may use wheeled mobility when traveling long distances .

    Risk of hip displacement :

    (MP greater than 30%): 15%

    Most children at GMFCS level II have either a type IV hemiplegia or a mild spastic diplegia.

    通常是Group IV

    1. It is important to note that type IV hemiplegia is associated with progressive hip displacement in a significant number of children.
    2. In GMFCS I/II and few III level children with acetabular dysplasia, we typically prefer performing either a triple pelvic osteotomy (open growth plates) or a periacetabular osteotomy (closed growth plates) to correct the present deformity
    3. Spastic equinovarus is much more common in hemiplegia than in diplegia

    Single event multiple level surgery

    ​Hip: Varus derotation osteotomy

    Knee: semit transfer + 8 plate

    Ankle: ETT derotation  

    Foot: calcaneous lengthening or subtalar fusion